A journey through history
The fascinating history of our people certainly surprise you. Are you imaginabais, for example, that these lands were already inhabited during the Neolithic? And you know what relationship our people with known Madrid Cibeles and Neptuno?
On record, as attested by the archaeological map of the municipality, that the first inhabitants of these lands date back to the Lower Paleolithic.
In addition, they have found archaeological remains of Neolithic and still preserved in the municipality indications of the Celtic and Roman times.
The splendor of the Renaissance
It was at this time, during the Renaissance, when it was built which is now our most important building, the Church of St. Peter ad links. This building dates from the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, although the origin of the tower could be earlier.
The Renaissance façade of the church has great value and has been recently restored. Specifically, the restoration work of various elements of the cover of the XVI century ended in late 2016.
was also held at the same time, the recovery of polychrome hornacina located in the tower of this building, which is undoubtedly one of the most unique parts of which are preserved in the building. In addition, also they stand out inside the church the wall paintings and a magnificent Romanesque polychrome carving of the Virgin.
La Villa de Redueña
Redueña obtained the title of Villa in the year 1738. Until that date the town was sold twice.
The first by Philip II in the late s. XVI, although the neighbors were able to recover the people paying a large sum of money. And the second was in s. XVIII, before obtaining the title of Villa.
Redueña Stone, one of our treasures
Did you know that to build some of the most famous monuments Madrid, visited daily by thousands of people, stones from the quarries that were used in our town? This is the case of the known Fuente de Cibeles and Neptune Fountain, but also one of the most important buildings in the history of our country, the Congress of Deputies.
This type of rock known as dolomite. Which it was extracted into Redueña, and other nearby locations, is very similar to the limestone but less soluble. During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries was widely used in monuments in Madrid because of their characteristics such as color, good quality, low porosity, high durability, low solubility, good styling and polish, aspects that allow this type of stone can be used in places with presence of water, as in the above sources of Paseo del Prado.
Other sources of the great Madrid city, like Apollo or the four sources of the Plaza Murillo, were also built with stone quarries Redueña.
Stone called Redueña, high quality and highly appreciated by stonemasons and sculptors, is a type of limestone. Specifically, it corresponds to the Cretaceous limestones and dolomites. In different municipalities of the region, among which Redueña, along with Guadalix de la Sierra, El Molar, Venturada and Torrelaguna, remains of ancient quarries that operated for years they are still preserved, and where today you can see traces left by the ancient stonemasons for the extraction of stones and blocks.
Regarding this type of limestone, explain that different levels where these rocks are drawn differ. The best known and features are called dolomites cream tones, but there are also white and red tones, classified as dolomicrites. This is a class of materials usually contain geodes, which are cavities lined with crystals, in this case calcite.